Karamihan sa mga carbohydrates ay nasa mga pagkain ng halaman, ngunit maaaring nahahati sila sa simple at kumplikadong. Ang mga pinagmumulan ng dating ay higit sa lahat ang honey at prutas, berries, pati na rin ang ilang mga gulay. Iyon ay ang simpleng carbohydrates kinakatawan ng asukal, fructose at sucrose at moltous at lactose, na kung saan ay naroroon sa mga produkto ng pagawaan ng gatas. Ang ganitong mga sugars madaling matunaw sa tubig, at ang katawan ay mabilis na sumisipsip sa kanila.
The ketogenic diet is calculated by a dietitian for each child. Age, weight, activity levels, culture, and food preferences all affect the meal plan. First, the energy requirements are set at 80–90% of the recommended daily amounts (RDA) for the child's age (the high-fat diet requires less energy to process than a typical high-carbohydrate diet). Highly active children or those with muscle spasticity require more food energy than this; immobile children require less. The ketogenic ratio of the diet compares the weight of fat to the combined weight of carbohydrate and protein. This is typically 4:1, but children who are younger than 18 months, older than 12 years, or who are obese may be started on a 3:1 ratio. Fat is energy-rich, with 9 kcal/g (38 kJ/g) compared to 4 kcal/g (17 kJ/g) for carbohydrate or protein, so portions on the ketogenic diet are smaller than normal. The quantity of fat in the diet can be calculated from the overall energy requirements and the chosen ketogenic ratio. Next, the protein levels are set to allow for growth and body maintenance, and are around 1 g protein for each kg of body weight. Lastly, the amount of carbohydrate is set according to what allowance is left while maintaining the chosen ratio. Any carbohydrate in medications or supplements must be subtracted from this allowance. The total daily amount of fat, protein, and carbohydrate is then evenly divided across the meals.
Apple cider suka - ½ lime Bulletproof coffee - Itim / herbal tea Egg - Bacon Kalabasa pancake - Kale at kintsay ilas na manliligaw Lettuce - Spinach, sabaw ng gulay, repolyo, o bok choy. Abukado - Cheddar keso, cream cheese, o kambing keso. Chicken - Turkey bacon, alumahan, hipon at tuna. Chives - Spinach Bamboo shoots - Kintsay Yogurt - ¼ tasa ricotta cheese Macadamia nuts - 4 kernels ng pistachios Black tea - Bulletproof kape o herbal tea pipino - Pipino Full-taba cream - gata ng niyog Mackerel - Hipon, kabibi, haddock, o bass Mayonnaise - yogurt